The National Museum of Art of Romania is located in the central area of Bucharest, in the building of the former Royal Palace, a significant building for Bucharest's 19th – 20th century's architecture. The old palace of King Carol I (1866 – 1914) has transformed over a few decades. The palace owes its current aspect to the radical changes made during the rule and under the direct guidance of King Carol II (1930 – 1940), who initiated the reconstruction and amplification of the building.

The rich and valuable patrimony which is sheltered by the National Museum of Art of Romania is organised into two galleries: the European Art Gallery and the National Gallery, which comprises the Gallery of Romanian Medieval Art and the Gallery of Romanian Modern Art.

The European Art Gallery is based on King Carol I's art collection. The pieces which are exhibited are representative for the main art schools: Italian, German, Austrian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch and French. Pieces by artists such as Tintoretto, Cranach the Elder, Breughel the Younger, El Greco, Rembrandt, Rubens, Monet and Rodin offer you the possibility of exploring the artistic universe of the 16th – 20th centuries.

The Gallery of Romanian Medieval Art includes pieces from the historic provinces (Walachia, Moldavia and Transylvania) dating from the 14th – 19th centuries. Among these there are fresco fragments, icons, embroideries, manuscripts, metalwork, wood and stone carvings. The gallery includes a Thesaurus, where are exhibited secular and religious pieces made from precious metals.

The Gallery of Romanian Modern Art comprises paintings and sculptures dating from the first decades of the 19th century and up to the middle of the 20th century. The Romanian art is represented by maestros such as Theodor Aman, NicolaeGrigorescu, ȘtefanLuchian, NicolaeTonitza, Theodor Pallady, Constantin Brâncuşi orDimitriePaciurea, but also by valuable, yet less renowned artists such as Samuel Mützner, PetreIorgulescuYor, Rudolf Schweitzer-Cumpănă, Nina Arbore, MericaRâmniceanu.

The National Museum of Art of Romania offers to all of its visitors, no matter the age, a variety of educational activities adapted to their expectations and needs. Adults, youngsters or children can choose from the array of active themed tours and creation workshops.

On the first Wednesday of each month the entrance is free in the museum's galleries and in the temporary exhibitions.